Central States Archaeological Societies
Central States Archaeological Societies
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JULY 2020 CSASI

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

(Selected Pictures from the July Journal)

On the Cover
The cover photograph features a remarkable shell gorget uncovered in Craig Mound at the Spiro site in Le Flore County, Oklahoma. It has been made utilizing a cameo technique, with the artwork raised above the surface of the gorget. The iconography features four quadrants, utilizing a face in each as well as one in the center. The gorget measures 5 ½” in width and is classified as a McGimsey style in Shell Gorgets – Styles of the Late Prehistoric and Protohistoric Southeast by Jeffrey Brain and Philip Phillips. Today, it is part of the collection of the Museum of the American Indian, and it is featured in the new exhibit, “Spiro and the Art of the Mississippian World,” which will be at the Birmingham Museum of Art from October 9, 2021 – February 6, 2022.
Photograph by Steven R. Cooper
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will be available April 2022
Message from the Editor  
131
In the Beginning Bernard F. Fritz
132
Obituary - Bill Breidinger
132
Tracing an Artifact’s History:
The Story of a Channeled Gouge from Massachusetts: Part 2
Bill Moody
133
Cahokia’s Man-Made Gems
Dean Crnkovich
135
A Split Bear Tooth Effigy Pendant
John Selmer
137
My Find of a Lifetime
Jeff Mayo
138
Birth of a “Bow-Neck”
Jack Wade
140
The Artifact that Wasn’t
E.J. Neiburger
141
Stone “Axehead Effigy” Smoking Pipe
Lawrence Cunningham
142
Update on a Poll-grooved Axe
Steven R. Cooper
143
The Lowly Scraper – Some Thoughts
Donald L. Foster
144
Indian Root Cellars?
Christopher M. Cramer
145
Down for the Count, but Not Out
Neal Schwarz
146
A Kootenai War Club
R. Stephen Irwin, M.D.
147
Rogues Gallery: In the Shadow of Devils Tower, Wyoming
Peter G. Murphy and Alice J. Murphy
148
Some Thoughts about the Origins of the Ground Celt
and the Demise of Serrated Knives
Robert Moyer
150
“Claw” Scepters
Sandy Carter, M.D.
154
The Medford New Jersey Cuesta Quartzite Cache
Wayne H. Shelby
158
The Ellsworth Cowels Red Bird
Tim Tutle
160
The Guilford Culture in the Carolinas and Virginia Piedmont Region
Ron Harris
162
Federal Laws and State Registry Programs in Public Archaeology:
A Review Essay
Gary S. Foster
166
The Battle of Iowaville: An Historical Account from 1873
David James
169
Nicotine Use at the Cherry Valley Site (3CS40), a Transitional
Mississippian Period Native American Mortuary Site
Julie Morrow and Megan Steed
172
My Find of a Lifetime
Lloyd Freeman
175
A Wild Goose Chase
David Marlof
176
When Sleeping Dogs Don’t Lie:
Uncovering Aboriginal Attitudes Towards the Canine
Scott Chandler
177
Membership Application / CSAJ back issues
180
Officers and Societies
181
Calendar of Events
184