Central States Archaeological Societies
Central States Archaeological Societies
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APRIL 2020 CSASI

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

(Selected Pictures from the April Journal)

On the Cover
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This is the first time these three remarkable and large rare copper spears have been shown together. They most likely date
to the Late Archaic period (1600 B.C.) and show exceptional craftsmanship and artistic form. The spear on the far left
measures 6 inches in length and was found in a small niche along a wall in rock shelter by Bryan Baker in Logan County,
Kentucky, in 2014. The center spear measures 8 ¼ inches in length was found in 1961 at the Crib Mound site by Buddy
Scheidegger in 1961 in Spencer County, Indiana. The spear at the far right measures 9 inches in length and was found in
2017 by Aaron Bradford in Meade County, Kentucky. This form is highly unusual and extremely scarce, with just a few
other examples known, including another from Crib Mound, one from Harrison County, Indiana, and finally one found
by Aaron Bradford’s late father in the same vicinity as the one Aaron found.
photograph by Steven R. Cooper

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Message from your Editor   59
Letters to the Editor   60
In the Beginning
Bernard F. Fritz
60
The Cinmar Bipoint – Virginia’s Oldest Stone Artifact
Wm Jack Hranicky
61
A Chicago Boy’s Passion For Archaeology
Edmund Butkus
63
Never Trespass – Always Get Permission
Kevin Lilly
66
The George L. Brooks Jr. Indian Artifact Collection: Cumberland and Salem Counties, New Jersey
Wayne H. Shelby
67
A Late Woodland Whelk Processing Station in New England,
Bill Moody
70
Hidden in the Woods: The Norton Mounds of Southwestern Michigan
Peter G. Murphy
and Alice J. Murphy
72
Book review:
The Long Road to Mabila – Desoto’s Journey into the Continental United States
  73
A Crowfield Knife
John M. Selmer
76
Snoopy’s Find
Franklin P. Everman
77
Kirk Whaley’s Huron/Iroquois Pipes
Timothy J. Tuttle
78
Desert Worm Shell Beads - Further Insight
Lawrence Cunningham
79
Raised Ridge Axes - Part Three
V. Gary Henry
80
Two Rare Paleo Knife Types
Dr. R. Stephen Irwin
82
Three in Just Forty-Five Minutes
Garrett Robbins
84
A Hardstone Semi-Three Quarter Groove Pipe-axe
Dr. David A. Easterla
86
Finding a Gorget with Dad
Cain Williams
88
Did Measles Destroy the American Indian?
Dr. E.J. Neiburger
89
Recollections from the Field:
The Most Important Thing I Found in Archaeology
Gary S. Foster
94
Obituary: Dennus Tolley
95
Which Lithic Was Used to Make the Artifact You Found?
Richard Peterson
96
Huge Woodland and Mississippian Vessels of the Carolinas
Ron Harris
100
My First Axe
David Marlof
104
Discoveries in the Suburbs of Chicago
Carl M. Christensen
105
Archaeology and Artifacts
David H. Dye
106
Obituary: William G. Wasemiller   107
Membership Application / CSAJ back issues   108
Officers and Societies   109
Calendar of Events   112