Central States Archaeological Societies
Central States Archaeological Societies
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JULY 2020 CSASI

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

(Selected Pictures from the July Journal)

On the Cover
Shown on the cover is an assemblage of Old Copper Culture artifacts. These were personally found by Sam Wasion and were found in northern Wisconsin and Michigan. They range in time from approximately 6500-1500 BC. In this group are a number of ornamental artifacts including several pendants, a ring and several beads. The large item at the top is a pointed socketed spud. It measures 6” in length. Items like this are a mystery and there is no certainty as to what it was utilized for. The center curved knife is approximately 9” in length. Additionally, there are effigy artifacts, including a snake, turtle and bird, as well as several spear points, including socketed and sawtooth specimens.The curved piece on the right is rare sawtooth knife. The fishhooks range in size from 5/8” to 2 ½ ” in length. The center crescent knife is an extremely rare specimen. There are approximately 60 tiny punch marks across each surface, and the finder knows of no other known specimens that are decorated with such a design. Finally, there are several other artifact forms represented including a copper harpoon. It should be noted that many copper artifacts show extreme uniformity and quality, indicating a high degree of technological specialization in this culture.
Collection of Sam Wasion, Flora, Illinois
Photograph by Sam Wasion
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will be available April 2021
Letters to the Editor  
115
Outstanding Members Honored  
116
Kincaid Mounds Norm Jepson
116
Some Thoughts on a Wisconsin Oneota Disc Pipe
Ray Fraser
117
The Woodland Period Clash of Cultures - Some New Ideas
Robert Moyer
119
Sweet’s Prairie
Carl R. Becker
121
A Bottleneck Benton from Illinois
Bill Clark
122
An Analysis of Chipped Stone Tools from the Lower Apalachicola River, Florida
Lawrence B. Cunningham
123
What Did the Native Americans Believe? A Model that Integrates Lifeways, Migrations and Values of the People Before Columbus
Scott Chandler
126
Reminiscing About Arrowhead Hunting
Bob Reeves
132
A Salado Human Effigy Axehead
Steve Campbell
133
Mortar Creek
Charlie Wagers
134
The Grey-Hardin Great Pipe Doug Goodrum
135
Lightning Welk
Dr. Sandy B. Carter, Jr.
138
Book Reviews
Steven R. Cooper
141
The Grand Family Pipe
Dr. David A. Easterla
142
An Unusual Steatite Artifact
V. Gary Henry
144
Celts - The Ungrooved Axe
Ron Harris
145
A Look into Prehistoric Mississippian “Picture Writing”
Jack Green
149
Railroad Archaeology
Peter G. Murphy and Alice J. Murphy
155
Why Study Bones and Mummies
E.J. Neiburger
156
Archaeology and Artifacts
David H. Dye
163
Membership Application  
164
Officers and Societies  
165
Calendar of Events  
168