Central States Archaeological Societies
Central States Archaeological Societies
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JULY 2019 CSASI

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

(Selected Pictures from the July Journal)

On the Cover
This beautiful gorget is on display at the University of Oklahoma, Sam Noble Museum in Norman, Oklahoma. The gorget was found in the 1930s at the Spiro Mounds site (34LF40), which is located in eastern Oklahoma, seven miles from the Arkansas River. This unusual gorget is similar in fashion to Cox Mound gorgets which depict crested super-natural avian beings at the four corners of the world. In this specimen, their heads emerge from the circular frame of shell (their design may be based on pelicans from the Gulf of Mexico), and revolve around a central design element, which resembles one utilized on triskele gorgets showing the axis-mundi (world axis). This element is fenestrated (cut out). Many items found at Spiro exhibit evidence of having traveled great distances, and it is possible this gorget was created as far away as Florida. One similar (but highly eroded) example was once in the Florida collection of E.G. Barnhill (1896-1987).The gorget measures 3 ¾ inches in width, and is shown actual size. For more on these gorgets, see page 116.
Photograph by Steven R. Cooper
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Letters to the Editor
115
Mississippian Four-Crested-Bird Marine Shell Gorgets from Tennessee and Alabama
Kevin E. Smith
116
A Missed Opportunity Paul Herrick 120
Decatur Style Points in North Carolina
Ron L. Harris
122
Lost Lake Points Bring a Big Smile
Howard King
124
Chattanooga’s Citico Creek Mound
Thomas Crowl
126
Raised Ridge Axes - Part One
V. Gary Henry
132
Obituary: Philip Randolph Helms
134
The Proper Way to Document All Found Artifacts
King Ross
135
A Mysterious Trapezoid Stone
Dr. David A. Easterla
136
A Rare and Beautiful Cameo Bottle Jim Maus 137
Thoughts and Lessons:
  A Woman in the Flower Bed - Yes or No
  Indian Red - Politcally Correct
David Marlof
138
Obituary: Robert “Bob” Rantz
139
Etowah Artifacts from the General William Tecumseh Sherman Collection
Steven R. Cooper
140
A Very Special Day
Andy Whitt
142
A Unique Set of Twins
Tim Dunham
143
Appreciating the Old Time Collectors
John M. Selmer
144
Hopewell Culture Blades from Upland Stream Locations in Northeastern Illinois
Edmund Butkus
146
It Must Have Been Fate
Josh Gerecke
147
Bannerstones: A Rebuttal to the Spear-Mounted Hypothesis
Larry Kinsella
148
DNA, Ancestry and the Tracing of Ancient Populations: The Case of Kennewick Man
E.J. Neiburger
151
Long Nosed God Maskettes
Dr. Sandy B. Carter, Jr.
159
Obituary: Ira Hascal ‘Hack’ Bertram
160
Three Frontier Knives of the Nineteenth Century
Peter G. Murphy and Alice J. Murphy
160
Archaeology and Artifacts
David H. Dye
163
Membership Application   164
Officers and Societies   165
Calendar of Events   168